Bishnupur Sub-division





Bishnupur, 152 km from Kolkata and 34 km from Bankura, now the headquarters of the subdivision of the same name in Bankura District, is a seat of terracotta architecture, crafts and culture. For almost a thousand years, it was the capital of the Malla dynasty of Mallabhum.
The patronage of the Malla king Bir Hambir and his successors Raja Raghunath Singha and Bir Singha made Bishnupur one of the principal centres of culture in Bengal. Most of the exquisite terracotta temples, for which the town is justly famous, were built during this period. Apart from the unique architecture of the period, Bishnupur is also famous for its terracotta crafts and its Baluchari sharees woven in pure silk with motifs representing Indian mythology. Royal patronage also gave rise to the Bishnupuri gharana (school) of Hindustani classical music and the Bishnupur school of painting. Bishnupur is famous for temples with terracotta art and large water area and there are approximately 16 temples in the Bishnupur. Most of the temples made in the decade of Mallaraja namely Jor-Bangla Temple, Rashmancha, Madanmohan Temple, Pancha Ratna Temple and Chhinnmasta Temple etc. Bishnupur is famous for it own musical gharana (Classical Music).



Place of Interest


1. Rashmancha:

The Rashmancha is a historical building located at Bishnupur. It was commissioned by Malla king Bir Hambir in 1600 CE. During the Vaishnava Ras festival, all the Radha Krishna idols of Bishnupur town used to be brought here to be worshipped by the citizens.


2. Dalmadal Cannon:

To Maharaja Bir Hambir goes the credit of creating this famous cannon for protecting his empire. It proves the self-protective authority of Malla kingdom and also shows the use of iron and highly urbanized perfunctory skill and the existence of great artisans and armed forces of that time.


3. Madanmohan Temple:

King Durjana Singh Deva built (1694) the temple in the ekaratna style, a square flat-roofed building with carved cornices, surmounted by a pinnacle.


4. Chhinnmasta temple:

Perhaps  the most famous and worshipped Deity in Bishnupur is  Chhinnmasta Mata. There is a temple which is roughly 100 years old andnow  newly renovated. The specification of this Deity is akin to the Goddess of Power as   ‘It defines the goddess without her head, or  she is seen to hold her head on one of her 12 arms’. ‘Chhinnmasta’, in Bengali, means, ‘With the head separated’.

5. Pancha Ratna Temple:

Built by King Raghunath Singha in 1643. It stands on a low square plinth and consists of an ambulatory pathway with a porch opened by three arches on the four sides of the temple. The central sikhara is octagonal, while the rest four are square. The walls are richly decorated with terracotta carvings featuring aspects of Lord Krishna’s life.


6. Joyrambati:

This beautiful temple has been built exactly on the spot where the Holy Mother (Sarada Devi) was born and it was here that her father Ramchandra Mukhopadhyaya had his original dwelling-house. The Holy Mother’s marriage also took place in this very house and her parents lived there till she reached the ninth year of her age. This temple was dedicated to the Holy Mother by Swami Saradananda, a Monk of Ramakrisna Monastic Order on Thursday, the 19th April 1923.

7. Kalachand Temple:

Built (1656) by King Raghunath Singha in ekratna style with laterite stone.

8. Jor-Bangla Temple:

Built (1655) by King Raghunath Singha Dev II. The ornate terracotta carvings are set off by the roof in the classic chala style of Bengal architecture.

9. Gum Garh Execution Site:

The mysterious structure which once was responsible for the disappearance of the evil doers.

 10. Garh Darwaja:

Garh Darwaja is a terracotta gateway situated in Bishnupur, a destination famous for its terracotta masonry. Built during the rule of the Malla Kings, this gateway is also known as the Chota Patthar Darwaja or Small Gateway of Bishnupur. Garh Darwaja is an arched terracotta structure with a plain exterior. At a short distance from this gateway lies another gateway which is larger in size and is known as the Bara Patthar Darwaja or Main Gateway of Bishnupur. Tourists can also do shopping for terracotta pottery, artefacts, jewellery and Baluchari saris close to this site.






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